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    氫氧化鉀的耐火粘合劑的制備方法

    來源:http://www.monclerjpoutlet.com/ 日期:2022-12-27 發布人:guanli
    對于氫氧化鉀大家可能是不大熟悉,氫氧化鉀這種化合物因為具有強堿性及腐蝕性,因而在化工行業和其它一些行業中都有很重要的應用,也可以作為很多類試劑應用于不同的領域,比如干燥劑、吸收劑、耐火粘合劑等。用于干燥劑我們、常見的就是食品包裝里面裝的干燥劑是為了防止食品受潮。
    You may not be familiar with potassium hydroxide. Because of its strong alkalinity and corrosivity, potassium hydroxide is an important compound in the chemical industry and other industries. It can also be used as a variety of reagents in different fields, such as desiccants, absorbents, fire-resistant adhesives, etc. It is common for us to use the desiccant in food packaging to prevent food from being damped.
    (1)原材料與配方
    (1) Raw materials and formula
    ①耐火液配方材料 配比/kg 材料 配比/kg氫氧化鉀 8金屬硅化物 30粉末狀碳酸鈉 7水 60。
    ① Refractory liquid formula material ratio/kg material ratio/kg potassium hydroxide 8 metal silicide 30 powdered sodium carbonate 7 water 60.
    ②無機耐火膠配方材料 配比/質量份 材料 配比/質量份耐火液 10稻殼 5舊報紙 80棉 5。
    ② Inorganic fire-resistant adhesive formula material ratio/material ratio by weight/fire-resistant liquid by weight 10 rice husk 5 old newspaper 80 cotton 5.
    (2)氫氧化鉀耐火粘合劑的制備方法
    (2) Preparation of potassium hydroxide fire-resistant adhesive
    ①耐火液制備方法:在反應槽內順序加入顆粒狀氫氧化鉀8kg、粉末狀碳酸鈉(蘇打灰)(旭硝子株式會社制)7kg和金屬硅化物30kg,再加入60l的水。在其中開始自然反應,從下層的氫氧化鉀開始劇烈反應,在反應槽內從下側向上側發生對流。反應溫度自然上升,反應溫度在80~90℃的范圍內時,呈活躍的反應狀態。反應溫度高不超過92℃。反應在10h左右結束,分離固體,可以獲得約48l(約70kg)耐火液。殘留的固體是金屬硅化物塊,如果用水洗凈,殘留約22kg左右的金屬硅化物塊。在這種殘存的金屬硅化物塊中,再補充加入約8kg左右的金屬硅化物塊,總和為30kg的金屬硅化物,供給到二次反應中。與一次反應相同,在反應槽內加入顆粒狀氫氧化鉀8kg,粉末狀碳酸鈉(蘇打灰)(旭硝子株式會社制)7kg,接著,依次加入一次反應殘留的金屬硅化物塊22kg和新的金屬硅化物塊8kg,接著加入60l水,開始二次制備耐火液的反應。在制備中,按照先加顆粒狀氫氧化鉀,再加入粉末狀碳酸鈉(蘇打灰),再加入金屬硅化物塊,然后加水的加料順序,由下層氫氧化鉀開始反應,可形成上下對流式活躍反應,由此制備的耐火液性能較好。
    ① Preparation method of refractory liquid: add 8kg of granular potassium hydroxide, 7kg of powdered sodium carbonate (soda ash) (prepared by Asahi Co., Ltd.) and 30kg of metal silicide in sequence in the reaction tank, and then add 60l of water. The natural reaction starts in the reaction tank, the violent reaction starts from the potassium hydroxide in the lower layer, and convection occurs from the lower side to the upper side in the reaction tank. The reaction temperature rises naturally. When the reaction temperature is in the range of 80~90 ℃, it is in an active reaction state. The reaction temperature shall not exceed 92 ℃. The reaction ends in about 10h, the solid is separated, and about 48l (about 70kg) of refractory liquid can be obtained. The residual solid is metal silicide block. If it is washed with water, about 22kg of metal silicide block remains. In this residual metal silicide block, add about 8kg of metal silicide block and 30kg of total metal silicide to the secondary reaction. As for the primary reaction, 8kg of granular potassium hydroxide and 7kg of powdered sodium carbonate (soda ash) (made by Asahi Co., Ltd.) are added into the reaction tank, followed by 22kg of metal silicide blocks remaining in the primary reaction and 8kg of new metal silicide blocks, followed by 60l of water to start the reaction of preparing refractory liquid for the second time. During preparation, granular potassium hydroxide is added first, then powdered sodium carbonate (soda ash) is added, then metal silicide blocks are added, and then water is added. The reaction starts from the lower layer of potassium hydroxide, forming a convective active reaction from top to bottom. The refractory liquid thus prepared has good performance.
    ②耐火膠黏劑的制備:將耐火液、裁斷的舊報紙(其它舊紙也可用)、稻殼、棉分別加入反應槽中,進行充分攪拌均勻即制得耐火材料。
    ② Preparation of fire-resistant adhesive: add fire-resistant liquid, cut old newspaper (other old paper can also be used), rice husk and cotton respectively into the reaction tank, and fully mix them to obtain the refractory.
    (3)這種耐火粘合劑性能若用耐火液涂覆木板,將涂覆的木板靠近1000~c火焰處30min不會發生燃燒。若將耐火膠黏劑混合物加壓脫水至45%水分含量,在180℃下加壓1h制得輕質耐火材料。將這種耐火材料靠近1500℃火焰觀察30min,10min后耐火材料表面發生陶瓷化,經30min燃燒后,切開耐火材料,陶瓷化深度僅o.8mm,火未通人耐火材料內部。此外,耐火材料隔音抗沖擊性能亦佳。其可切、鋸、釘釘子、釘螺釘等加工性能與木材類同。
    (3) If the wood board is coated with fire-resistant liquid, the coated wood board will not burn when it is close to 1000~c flame for 30min. If the refractory adhesive mixture is pressurized and dehydrated to 45% moisture content, the lightweight refractory is prepared by pressurizing at 180 ℃ for 1h. Observe the refractory close to the 1500 ℃ flame for 30min. After 10min, the surface of the refractory will be vitrified. After 30min combustion, cut the refractory. The vitrification depth is only 0.8mm, and the fire will not enter the refractory. In addition, the sound insulation and impact resistance of refractory materials are also good. It can cut, saw, nail, screw and other processing properties similar to wood.
    以上就是氫氧化鉀的耐火粘合劑的制備方法以及相關知識介紹,這類耐火粘合劑可代替傳統的厚紙板、聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料和其它板材,用于制備冷質框架、電視機殼、包裝材料和桌椅及廚房用具等,作用非常大,希望你們能有所認識。氫氧化鉀作為一個在多種領域中有廣泛應用地化工產品,它的質量要求也很高。
    The above is the preparation method and related knowledge introduction of potassium hydroxide fire-resistant adhesive. This kind of fire-resistant adhesive can replace the traditional cardboard, polystyrene foam plastic and other plates for the preparation of cold frames, TV cases, packaging materials, tables and chairs, kitchen utensils, etc. It is very useful. I hope you can have some knowledge. As a chemical product widely used in many fields, potassium hydroxide has high quality requirements.
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